Pierre Moulinier (1900 – 1976) is most known for his transvestite and fetish self portraits. He began his career by painting landscapes until his work soon turned towards a fetishistic eroticism.
Moulinier began to take photographs at the age of 18. As listed in his birth record, he was married to Andrea Lafaye, on July 7, 1931, at Bordeaux. A homosexual and a transvestite, Pierre Moulinier lived the violence and sexual obsessions his fellow surrealists only dreamt about.
He began a correspondence with André Breton and sent him photographs of his paintings. Later Breton integrated him into the Surrealist group. Breton organized an exhibition of Moulinier’s paintings in Paris, in January–February 1956.
In 1955 Moulinier made contact with the leading surrealist Andre Breton and by 1959 was showing at the International Surrealist Exhibition. At this time he defined the purpose of his art as ‘for my own stimulation’, indicating his future direction in one of his exhibits in the 1965 Surrealist show – a dildo. He defined eroticism as ‘a privileged place, a theatre in which incitement and prohibition play their roles, and where the most profound moments of life make sport’.
Between 1965 and his suicide in 1976, he chronicled his exploration of his subconscious transsexual desires in “Cent Photographies Erotiques”: graphically detailed images of pain and pleasure now on show in London. It was also in this year that Moulinier, with the aid of a remote control switch, began to create photographs in which he assumed the roles of dominatrix and succuba previously taken by the women of his paintings. In these beautifully-made, intimate black and white photographs, Moulinier, either alone with doll-like mannequins or with female models, appears as a transvestite, transformed by his ‘fetish’ wardrobe of fishnet stockings, suspender belt, stilettos, mask and corset. In montages, an unlikely number of stockinged limbs intertwine to create the women of Moulinier’s paintings.
For the last 11 years of his life Moulinier played out his own most profound moments in the ‘theatre’ of his Bordeaux ‘boudoir – atelier‘. He intended his photographs to shock, inviting the viewer to bring to the images his or her own response of excitement or disgust.
In the 1970s, Moulinier’s health began to decline. Like his father before him, Pierre Moulinier committed suicide at 76 years of age by a self-inflicted gunshot wound.